Icon theme is one of the most significant components that determines the feel and look of a desktop. Standard icon naming specifications describe the standard icon names utilized in the creation of icon themes for applications and desktop environments. These specifications implement the icon naming specifications of Freedesktop and complement its own icon theme specifications.

Freedesktop’s icon theme specifications have been in use in many desktop environments including the Gnome and KDE. However, no centralized directions ever existed on how the icons available for applications should be named, during the creation of the theme. It meant that artists had to regularly duplicate several icons to make their themes work in different desktop environments.

The icon theme specification’s main purpose is solving this problem by putting in place a standard naming scheme for the creation of icons, apart from listing out the icons that are a must-have in any theme or application.

Following are descriptions of few of the large number of commonly used icon names. These names are regularly used by artists and developers during creation of their themes and applications.

Few examples-

Application-exit: Normally seen in an application’s menu as ‘File -> Quit’ option, this icon is used for exiting an application.

Address-book-new: The creation of a new address book is done by the use this icon.

Appointment-new: This icon helps in creation of a new appointment in a calendar application.

Contact-new: The main use of this icon is in creation of a new contact in the address book application.

Call-start: Used for initiation or acceptance of a call, this is quite similar to the normal cell call pickup icon. It features a green handset along with mouth and ear pieces facing upward.

Call-stop: Used for stopping the current call, this icon is quite like the normal cell call hang up icon, that is, a red handset along with mouth and ear pieces facing down.